Katipo Spider 1
The katipo (Latrodectus katipo) is a spider native to New Zealand, related to the Australian redback spider, and the North American black widow spiders. The species is venomous to humans, capable of delivering a comparatively dangerous spider bite. It is a small to medium-sized spider with the female having the distinctive black body with a white bordered red stripe on its back. The males are quite different being only 1/6th the size of the female and are predominantly white with black stripes and red diamond shaped markings. Katipo have a narrow habitat, being only found living in sand dunes close to the seashore. They range throughout most of coastal New Zealand, but are not found at the southernmost regions. Spinning an irregular tangled web amongst dune plants or other debris, they feed mainly on ground dwelling insects. Katipo is a Māori name and means "night-stinger".